Category Archives: Conferences

Conferences

Henrique Schneider: Über den Rechtspositivismus und das Ende des Rechtsstaats

Heute veröffentlichen wir einen weiteren Video-Mitschnitt von der 16. Gottfried von Haberler Konferenz an der Universität Liechtenstein. Thema: “Über den Rechtspositivismus und das Ende des Rechtsstaats”. Der Vortrag wurde von Henrique Schneider gehalten.

Henrique Schneider: Über den Rechtspositivismus und das Ende des Rechtsstaats

Henrique Schneider studierte Ökonomie in der Schweiz, Deutschland, Österreich, USA und China. Er ist der Chefökonom des Schweizerischen Gewerbeverbands SGV in Bern. Der promovierte Ökonom schreibt in der Tagespresse und in wissenschaftlichen Publikationen über Mikroökonomie, das Geldsystem und Innovation.

Michael Leube: A Freeway to Serfdom

On May 20, 2022, the 16th Gottfried von Haberler Conference was held at the University of Liechtenstein – “On the Morality of the State and the State of Political Morals”.

Leading international scientists and recognized experts discussed the highly relevant, and explosive topic. The event was organized by ECAEF – European Center of Austrian Economics Foundation – and supported by the University of Liechtenstein and multiple local and international sponsors.

In today’s article, we publish the recordings of a talk and an interview given by Michael Leube at the Haberler Conference. Leube’s talk was titled “A Freeway to Serfdom: On Social Media, Polarization and the Contempt of Civic Institutions”.

Michael Leube: A Freeway to Serfdom. The Interview was conducted by Karl-Peter Schwarz (Die Presse).

Michael Leube was born in Innsbruck, Austria. But he grew up in the San Francisco Bay Area. He received his B.A. from the University of California at Berkeley (Anthropology and Comparative Religion) in 1994. After returning to Europe, he received his M.A. from the University of Vienna (Anthropology and Human Biology) in 1999 and his Ph.D. from the University of Zagreb (Anthropology) in 2003.

For the Wiener Zeitung, Leube worked as a journalist responsible for all topics concerning sustainability. He worked on scientific assessments for development work in Guatemala, India, Nepal and Kenya. From 2000 to 2013 he lived and worked as an anthropologist in Madrid and taught at various universities such as Universidad Nebrija, Syracuse University, University of California and Saint Louis University.

Between 2013 and 2018, Leube became fascinated with the interface between Anthropology and Design as a senior lecturer and researcher at the Salzburg University of Applied Sciences. He is convinced that only design well adapted to the needs of Homo sapiens is good design and sees it as a link between the theory of the social sciences and developmental work. At IE, his research focuses on the Circular Economy and Design for Social Innovation.

Petro Schwartz – Democratic Dreams: How Impossible Policies Endanger Liberal Democracies

VADUZ – On May 20, 2022, the 16th Gottfried von Haberler Conference was held at the University of Liechtenstein. Title: “On the Morality of the State and the State of Political Morals”. Leading international scientists and recognized experts discussed the highly relevant, and explosive topic. The event was organized by ECAEF – European Center of Austrian Economics Foundation – and supported by the University of Liechtenstein and multiple local and international sponsors.

Over the next days, we publish recordings of the talks and interviews given at the conference. Today’s video clip and interview: Petro Schwartz “Democratic Dreams: How Impossible Policies Endanger Liberal Democracies”

The Interview with Pedro Schwartz is conducted by Karl-Peter Schwarz (Die Presse)

Dr Pedro Schwartz is Professor in the Department of Economics at Camilo José Cela University in Madrid. At the MPS General Meeting in Hong Kong in September 2014 he was elected President of the Mont Pèlerin Society, of which he became a member in 1978. He is a Bachelor and Doctor in Laws of the Universidad Complutense de Madrid, and a Master of Economics and a PhD in Political Thought at the LSE. Since 1970 he has been a Professor of Economics at four Spanish universities. From 1982 to 1986 he was a member of the Spanish Parliament in the Liberal / Conservative interest. From 2006 to 2008 he was an expert writing briefs for the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs of the European Parliament.

He belongs to the Board of the Spanish Think Tank “Civismo”, to the Academic Advisory Board of the IEA in London, of the Liberales Institut Zürich and of the European Center of Austrian Economics at Liechtenstein; and in the US, he is an Adjunct Scholar of the Cato Institute.

16th Gottfried von Haberler Conference

Mark your Calendar!
16th Gottfried von Haberler Conference
Date: 20 May 2022

16th Gottfried von Haberler Conference Vaduz Liechtenstein 2022
“One of the ancient and modern critiques of democracy is that radicals destroy norms for short-term political gain, norms that they themselves often later seek as refuge.” Victor Davis Hanson

On the Morality of the State
and the State of Political Morals

(With some Hints on the Lack of Political Accountability)


Über die Hybris der Staaten und den Zustand politischer Moral


The 16th Gottfried von Haberler Conference will take place on May 20, 2022 at University of Liechtenstein in Vaduz. Conference topic: On the Morality of the State and the State of Political Morals. The event will be organized and hosted by ECAEF – European Center of Austrian Economics Foundation. The support of the University of Liechtenstein and multiple local and international sponsors is gratefully acknowledged.

By invitation only

Admission: General CHF 150/Euro 150; Students CHF 50/Euro 50

Academic Director: Kurt R. Leube
Tel. +1 650 248 4955 and Tel. +43 676 942 8980 (krleube at gmail com)

Administration: Rosmarie Lutziger
Tel. +423 235 1570 (Rosmarie.Lutziger at lgt.com)

Media Matters: Karin Brigl
Tel. +423 235 2344 (karin.brigl at lgt.com)

Conference Program:
Please note: some changes may be necessary due to the pandemic.
09:00-09:30 Registration
09:30-09:45 Welcome and a Comment on the Present State of Geopolitical Affairs by H.S.H. Prince Michael of Liechtenstein


Session I:
Behind a Democratic Veil: A new Centralism and a Downfall of Standards

9:45-10:00 Chair: Karl-Peter Schwarz (AT)
10:00-10:30 “Democratic Dreams: How Impossible Policies Endanger Liberal Democracies” – Pedro Schwartz (ES)
10:30-10:45 Discussion
10:45-11:15 Coffee break
11:15-11:45 “Über Bürokratiewachstum, Zentralismus und die zunehmende Staatsmacht” – Christoph A. Schaltegger (CH)
11:45-12:00 Discussion
12:00-13:30 Buffet Luncheon for all participants at conference site


Session II:
On Autocratic Tendencies and the Erosion of Individual Freedom

13:30-13:45 Chair: Peter A. Fischer (CH)
13:45-14:15 “Restoring Liberty for American Indians”
– Terry L. Anderson (US)
14:15-14:30 Discussion
14:30-15:00 “Bemerkungen zum drohenden Bargeldverbot und eine Kritik des digitalen Zentralbankgeldes” – Thorsten Polleit (DE)
15:00-15:15 Discussion
15:15-15:45 Coffee break


Session III:
On Power, Corruption and the End of the Rule of Law

15:45-16:00 Chair: Hardy Bouillon (DE)
16:00-16:30 “A Freeway to Serfdom: On Social Media, Polarization and the Contempt of Civic Institutions” – Michael Leube (ES/US)
16:30-16:45 Discussion
16:45-17:15 “Über den Rechtspositivismus, den Mangel an
politischer Verantwortung und das Ende des Rechtsstaats”
– Henrique Schneider (CH)
17:15-17:45 Discussion (general)
17:45-18:00 Closing Remarks by H.S.H. Prince Michael of Liechtenstein

The conference will be video recorded. The videos will be published in due course (YouTube).

Relevant literature is offered for sale online by buchausgabe.de.

List of all Gottfried von Haberler Conferences since 2005

Blackboard Economics: On the Root of Public Interest Evil

Blackboard Economics: On the Root of Public Interest Evil. Essay by Terry L. Anderson*

Anyone who has taken an economics course has been dazzled by the graphs that professors like to draw on the blackboard (or whiteboard in more modern times). There is no more dazzling example of these graphs than an article published in the American Economic Review (March 1957) by Francis Bator titled “Simple Analytics of Social Welfare Maximization” (thought it did not seem “simple” to me when I was a graduate student). In it he provides a “rigorous” graphical rendition of how neo-classical principles could lead to maximizing social welfare and justifies his analytics saying, “It appears, curiously enough, that there is nowhere in the literature a complete and concise nonmathematical treatment of the problem of welfare maximization in its ‘new welfare economics’ aspects.

It is the purpose of this exposition to fill this gap for the simplest statistical and stationary situation.” Bator describes the analysis as “a rigorous diagrammatic determination of the ‘best’ configuration of inputs, outputs, and commodity distribution for a two- input, two-output, two-person situation, where furthermore all functions are of smooth curvature and where neoclassical generalized diminishing returns obtain in all but one dimension-returns to scale are assumed constant” (p. 22).

The article begins with the “efficiency locus” of isoquants (seem simple?), transits to a “production possibility frontier,” then to a “grand utility possibility frontier,” which assumes knowledge of individual preferences, then to a “welfare function,” for which “ultimate ethical valuations are involved,” and finally to “Ω,” the “constrained bliss point.” What could be more enticing than understanding how to take society to its bliss point, and what could lead more to public interest evil?

The “root” of public interest evil, however, goes back much farther than Bator to A.C. Pigou’s The Economics of Welfare in 1920. Therein he leads economics down the pernicious road of externalities by distinguishing between “two varieties of marginal net product” which he named respectively social and private. The marginal social net product is the total net product of physical things or objective services due to the marginal increment of resources in any given use or place, no matter to whom any part of this product may accrue. It might happen, for example, , , , that costs are thrown upon people not directly concerned, through, say, uncompensated damage done to surrounding woods by sparks from railway engines. All such effects must be included – some of them will be positive, others negative elements – in reckoning up the social net product of the marginal increment of any volume of resources turned into any use or place. (134)

The upshot of his argument is that individuals acting on the private costs and private benefits they face will over-produce products with negative externalities and under produce those with positive externalities …

Continue reading ->
Blackboard Economics (PDF)


* Terry L. Anderson has been a senior fellow at the Hoover Institution since 1998 and is currently the John and Jean De Nault Senior Fellow. He is the past president of the Property and Environment Research Center in Bozeman, MT, and a Professor Emeritus at Montana State University where he won many teaching awards during his 25 year career. Anderson is one of the founders of “Free Market Environmentalism,” the idea of using markets and property rights to solve environmental problems, and in 2015 published the third edition of his co-authored book by that title.